Moche Culture 5 days 4 nights

Moche Culture: Trujillo & Chiclayo 5 days 4 nights 

Day 01: Temple of the Dragon - Chan Chan - Huanchaco - Temples of the Sun & the Moon

chan chan peru trujillo

Upon your arrival, our guide will pick you up at the airport or bus terminal, and take you to your hotel.

09:00 AM This day, we will visit The Temple of the Dragon, decorated with anthropomorphic and geometric figures, then we continue learning about the Chimu culture in the Chan Chan Site Museum. Next place to visit is Chan Chan (UNESCO Heritage), the largest pre-Columbian citadel of the Americas. Here we enter to the Nik-An Palace, built with refined architectural technique, which includes impressive reliefs and exquisite geometric and zoomorphic designs and friezes depicting fish, pelicans, diamonds, originally painted in ocher, yellow and red tones. The Citadel of Chan Chan had ceremonial plazas, water reservoirs, defense systems and rooms designed to store food. Chan Chan population was about 60,000 inhabitants of the Chimu empire. Then we head to the fishing village of Huanchaco, where you can see the "little reed horses", traditional pre-Columbian rafts which still are the main tool of the current Huanchaco's fishermen.

Time to enjoy lunch in Huanchaco.

After that, we visit the Moche Valley and the flat-topped pyramids called Temples of the Sun and the Moon. The Temple of the Sun served as administrative center and was built with about 140 million adobes. The Temple of the Moon holds the most stunning and best-preserved murals throughout Peru. This pyramid walls are beautifully decorated with polychrome friezes, where the main character is the Moche deity "Aia-paec" and different themes like snakes, prisioners, and mystical subjects alluding their ceremonial rituals. We end our visits in The Moche Temples Site Museum, to see the artifacts found during excavations of the Moche Temples Archaeological Project such as ceramics of great beauty, pieces made of gold, cotton and feathers, which were used in their ceremonies. 

Overnight in Trujillo.

Day 02: El Brujo Archaeological Complex - Chiclayo In

el brujo cao

We start travelling to the Chicama Valley, to visit El Brujo Archaeological Complex, comprising Huaca Prieta, Huaca Cao Viejo and Huaca El Brujo. We visit the interiors of Huaca Cao Viejo, which has stunning polychrome reliefs and friezes. Some of these friezes depict some prisoners moving from west to east, and behind them standing still several warriors carrying their weapons painted all in natural size scale. The tomb of the Lady of Cao, ruler and Moche Priestess, considered an almost divine character was found in Huaca Cao Viejo. It is of great importance since before this finding, it was thought that only men had held high positions in ancient Peru. We also visit the Museum of Cao, here in a special room we see the mummified remains of the Lady of Cao, and her impressive tattoos that have a religious and ritual symbolism, her ornaments, jewelry and costumes that accompany her funeral bundle. We continue our trip to Chiclayo and on route we stop at the San Jose de Moro Archaological Site, small village that 1,500 years ago, was the core of an important ceremonial center and cemetery for the Moche elite. One of the most important discoveries were the graves of the Priestesses of San José de Moro, seven tombs of the most important women in the region. According to the iconography of the ceramics was determined that belonged to the late stage of the Moche period (VII - IX AD) and was linked to ceremonies and funerals. Prior the knowledge of this priestess, she was widely represented in the iconography of the ceramics, performing sacrificial rituals. Time for lunch in Pacasmayo. We continue traveling to Chiclayo. 

Time to relax in Chiclayo, taking a walk in the city or enjoying the hotel amenities.

Overnight in Chiclayo.

Day 03: Sican Museum - Tucume Pyramids - Huaca Balsas - Pomac Forest (Batangrande)

balsas tucume

We visit the Sican National Museum. It has a permanent exhibition of all aspects of society and culture Sicán. It also describes details of the domestic life of the Sican population and the development processes of their ceramics and metals; in addition to the recreation of two tombs of noblemen, containing gold ornaments and other valuables. It explains how the Lord of Sican was buried face down in a fetal position. One of the most important rooms features pieces like the famous golden mask of the Winged Eyes, crowns, necklaces, among other precious ornaments and ceramics, found in the Huaca El Oro and Huaca Las Ventanas in The Pomac Forest.

Next we we explore the Valley ofthe Pyramids of Túcume. This spectacular archaeological complex consists of 26 adobe pyramids. In the center, the Holy Mountain, known as Cerro La Raya, a viewpoint to enjoy the scenery of the Valley of La Leche and the huacas (pyramids) in the site such as: Las Estacas, La Raya, Del Pueblo, Las Balsas, Huaca I and Grandes, among others. The Túcume Complex is one of the most prominent archaeological sites in Peru and the largest concentration of adobe pyramids in the northern coast of Peru, being Huaca Larga the largest in South America (700 meters long, 280 meters wide and 30 meters high). Within the pyramids complex, will make a special visit to Huaca Las Balsas, ruled by women religious temple dedicated to worship the water, it is decorated with mystical and ritual purposes. Its friezes recreate rafts manned by strange characters with anthropomorphic traits, surrounded by large waves, seabirds and animals. We will have time to visit the Museum of Tucume

Our next stop is the Pomac Forest Historical Sanctuary aka Batangrande Archaological Complex, a dry equatorial forest with diverse wildlife, with 16 of them being endemic to the Tumbesian area and 5 endemic to Peru. Here live mammals such as the sechura fox, anteater, wild cats, squirrels and different varieties of reptiles. The site also comprises about 20 adobe pyramids. We visit the Interpretation Centre, The ancient tree (Carob tree of great size and age, source of legends), we climb up to The Salinas viewpoint to see the forest and La Leche river in all its majesty. We will visit the Huaca El Oro (where an important Sican tomb was found and the pieces of ceramics and artifacts are displayed in the Sican Museum), and Huaca Las Ventanas (here they found the famous Tumi). The complex also includes Huaca la Merced, Huaca Rodillona, ​​dedicated to the management, control and administration of the powerful Sican. 

Overnight in Chiclayo

Day 04: Huaca Chotuna Chornancap - Bruning Museum - Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum

sipan lord lambayeque

We travel to Lambayeque, and visit the Huaca Chotuna Chornancap Complex, related to the origin of the Lambayeque culture and the Legend of Naylamp (the mystic founder of the Lambayeque culture). It consists of a series of stepped and flat-topped pyramids, some still covered by sand. Within the complex and 1 km from Huaca Chotuna, we find Huaca Gloria also called The Friezes Temple (for its murals) that is distinguished by its polychrome (red, black, white and green) depicting in their iconography birds trapping a fish in freefall. To complete the visit, we will go the Site Museum where the legend of mythical Naylamp is represented with 25 mannequins and musical background and also where gold and silver ornaments of the dynasty that reigned then across the valley are exhibited. In this complex the tomb of the Priestess of Chornancap possibly ruler or perhaps the concubine of another character was found. Then we visit the Bruning Archaeological National Museum, where over 1,400 archeological pieces of Lambayeque, Moche, Chavin, Vicus, Inca and other cultures are exposed. The most important pieces dating back more than 10,000 years ago. In the gardens of the museum stands the figure of Naylamp. One of the most important rooms is the Room of the Gold and the three rooms dedicated to the Priestess of Chornancap, with more than 160 pieces of his grave goods and her artifacts of gold, silver and textiles.

We finish our Moche adventure, travelling to Lambayeque to visit the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum, where we can see the great treasures and jewelry of the Lord of Sipan found in Huaca Rajada. The tomb of the Lord of Sipan is one of the biggest and richest in the world compared with that of Tutankhamen in Egypt. His goods in the museum consists of several rooms with more than 400 artifacts made of gold, silver and precious stones such as headgear, masks, pectorals, necklaces (including the famous peanuts necklace of gold and silver), nose rings, earrings that indicate his high importance and rank in the Moche civilization. Also we will see an exact replica of the tombs and burial chamber and a life-size moving diorama of The Lord of Sipan and his court, which provides additional realistic impression by the play of lights and its beautiful design. The Museum also houses the regalia and jewels of the Lord of Ucupe, discovered in Huaca El Pueblo - Quiñones - Chaquira. Definitely a must see.

Overnight in Chiclayo.

Day 05: Huaca Rajada - Ventarron - Collud - Chiclayo Out

huaca rajada sipan lambayeque

Today we visit the Tomb of Sipan in Huaca Rajada. This place comprises two adobe pyramids and the burial chamber of the Lord of Sipan where he was found together with sacrified servants, concubines and warriors, llamas, etc, offerings and ceramics that accompany the Lord to his journey to the afterlife according to the Moche belief. Besides of beautiful ornaments made of gold, silver and semi preicius stones, now in the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum. Then we will explore the Ventarron Archaeological Site (pre-ceramic), that has the oldest of Americas polychrome mural (2000 BC). The mural depicts the hunting of a deer known as the "captive deer "(because looks like it is caught in a net) and another abstract motifs in red and white colors. It has several rooms of cruciform and circular shape. We continue our visit to Collud Complex, (theocratic capital)  the largest settlement in the formative period in the Lambayeque Valley and one of the most developed in that time in Peru, that has strong Cupisnique and Chavin influence. It consists of several monumental buildings such as a stepped platform and wall decorations in relief. In the Temple we find a desing with the shape of a head with feline, bird and spider features, framed by diamonds that symbolize a net, some other stylized figures also appear in their designs.

At an appropiate time, we will take you to the airport or bus terminal.

What is included?

  • Private airport / bus terminal shuttle transfer In & Out
  • Transportation with AC and professional driver.
  • English speaking guide.
  • All transfers and entrances fee (tickets)
  • 01 night accommodation in Trujillo with breakfast included.
  • 03 nights accommodation in Chiclayo with breakfast included.  
  • Transportation Trujillo --> Chiclayo.
  • 24 hours assistance during the trip.

What is not included?

  • Bus or flight ticket to Trujillo or from Chiclayo to your next destination.
  • Lunch and dinner.