Machu Picchu & Sacred Valley 5 days 4 nights

Cuzco, Machu Picchu & The Sacred Valley

Day 01: Cuzco City tour - Koricancha

koricancha cuzco

City Tour, we will visit:

The Qoricancha (Temple of the Sun), was and is one of the most respected temples in the city of Cusco. It was a sacred place where they worship the Sun (Inti), the main deity for the Incas. Before the arrival of the conquerors, the Temple had its walls decorated by a continuous band of pure gold. The present Church of Santo Domingo was built over the original incan temple in order to evangelize the natives.

Then we visit The Convent of Santo Domingothe Cathedral and the Main Square.

After that we visit the archaeological park that surround the city of Cusco: 

Sacsayhuaman, one of the most impresive incan complexes. Built with stone blocks wonderfully united, that protect the city. The main wall is formed by stones measuring up to 5 meters high and 2.5 meters wide, and can weigh between 90 and 125 metric tons. Move these stones was a real challenge, but so was the perfect fit between them and the care put into the curvature of the pads. 

Qenqo, the interest of this place lies in two aspects: the originality of its construction, since it is a huge rock carved with different symbols of the Andean people, and the closeness to Sacsayhuaman. Qenko is known as a Labyrinth, because of the multiple tunnels and galleries.

Tambomachay, was one of the pillars of the defensive system of the Cuzco valley. It consists of a set of structures finely carved in stone, aqueducts and water falls from the springs and hot springs nearby (so you think it was related to the worship of water). The sound of the water in the place, the tranquility and peace of the rooms and the shape of the space in which it was built, give Tambomachay a peculiar atmosphere. Besides is a great example of the ability of the Andean architects to harmonize their constructions.

Pukapukara, which means "red fortress", because its limestones acquired a reddish coloration due to the abundant iron in the land. It was a "pukara", which is a small fortified construction which function was to protect Tambomachay, a very important inca palace. Its main function was to more administrative control than militar. This site is composed of a small square rooms and two walls that hold a roof terrace. By where it is located, it has visual domain of the zone, it must have been, besides a monitoring and control center, a gateway to Cusco from the Antisuyo.

Overnight in Cuzco.

Day 02: Machu Picchu

machu picchu cuzco

We will take a train to Machu Picchu, the wonderful Inca citadel. During the trip we will travel along the Vilcanota river and the mountains, enjoying a magical landscape. When we start changing from the Andes to the the Upper Amazon rainforest region, then we know we are closer to the great Machu Picchu.
We arrive at Aguas Calientes town, from where we take the bus which will take us to Machu Picchu.

Once in Machu Picchu, we explore the citadel, and go through the different rooms and areas, like the Intihuatana (Sun Stone), the Sun Temple, The Sacred Stone, and the Room of 3 Windows. 

Time to explore the citadel and take pictures. After our visit we go back by train to Cuzco.

Overnight in Cuzco.

 

Day 03: Sacred Valley: Ollantaytambo - Pisac - Inkariy Museum - Cochahuasi Animal Sanctuary

inkariy cuzco

Today we will explore the beautiful Sacred Valledy of The Incas.

we will visit the amazing Ollantaytambo fortress. It was a fortified city built by the Inca Pachacutec and at the time of the conquest served as a fortress for Manco Inca Yupanqui. The city was formed as a military, economic and administrative and agricultural complex. Ollantaytambo was also an important "tambo" or city with houses, huge food stores, and places for astronomical observation.

We will vist the the Pisac town, here will walk around the indigenous market, where we find beautfiul handycrafts, fruit, and food. Then we go up to the Pisaq Incan ruins on the hillside from where we get a great view of the town. There is an strange coincidence between the distances that unite the cities of Pisac, Cuzco and Pikillacata. The distance between Cusco and Pisac is 30km, it is the same distance if measured at Pisac and Cusco Pikillacta Pikilacta are equally 30km. By joining with straight line these three cities, a perfect equilateral triangle, which creates multiple speculation about the incredible architectural genius that the Incas had achieved.

Then we will visit the Inkariy Museum, that displays manu aspects of the Incan Empire, but also the cultures of Caral, Chavín, Paracas, Moche, Nasca, Wari, Lambayeque and Chimú. A chronological circuit of the museum is dedicated to explain about these societies. We will see the reliving in re-creation, models, animations and billboards of men who inhabited the ancient Peru providing a new vision never shown before. The main thematic halls of the museum exhibit each culture through large-scale dioramas where iconic composed scenes produce hyper-realistic characters reflecting a biotype of a native man with clothing and ornamentations of each era.

We finally visit the Cochahuasi Animal Center, that has been sheltering wild species, many of which are endangered. One of the species at risk of extinction is The Andean Condor, it deserves special consideration, because its population has been seriously decimated, and efforts to encourage its reproduction in captivity and later releasing the young Condors. The animal in this center, are rescued from illegal hunters, here they are rehabilitated and after that relesead. While in the center you can see llamas, macaws, falcons, andean pumas, guanacos, condors, etc. 

Overnight in the Cuzco.  

Day 03: Sacred Valley: Chinchero - Maras Salt Flats - Moray Archaeological Site

moray cuzco3

Today we will visit Maras Salt Mines, where the most important salt mines of the region are still exploited since the Inca times and the colonial period. It was the largest producer of salt in the southern part of the central mountains.

Then we explore the formidable Moray Archaeological Complex, conformed by admirable systems of terraces that overlap concentrically, taking the form of a giant amphitheater. Moray is a system in concentric terraces. It is said that this place, at the time of the Incas, was a center of agricultural experimentation; It was possibly a production of seeds at different climates, possible as each level represents a different climate from the rest. According to scientific research, Moray should also be considered a center of astronomical research center in which seasonal changes were controlled through the sunlight and the shadows in the high andean eastern mountain range.

We visit the Chinchero Archaeological Site, built by Inca Tupac Yupanqui in 1480 and consists of a set of elements and architectural spaces, such as pre-Columbian murals structures, enclosures, terraces, yards, stairs, temples, etc. We can identify the remains of three important huacas or temples whose bases are huge masses of rock called by tradition with its place names of Titiqaqa, Pumaqaqa and Chincana. They are huge limestone outcrops and there cupboards, canals, zoomorphic and all that would mean offering to their gods are appreciated. In Chinchero also we will visit the colonial church Nuestra Señora de la Natividad, that is located in the main square. It stands on Inca walls of the palace of Inca Tupac Yupanqui. This also is an excellent example of the richness of churches of Cusco towns. The interior walls and ceiling are covered with murals of filigree and religious reasons. This and much more make the colonial temple of Chinchero unique in its kind. We can also explore the Chinchero Textile Market, a colorful craft fair that is carried out in its fullness on sundays in the main square in front of the colonial church. From early morning vendors come mainly from Chinchero but also from the surrounding villages to sell their handicrafts. The exchange of local products, for other products, utensils and items are also very common here. We can find here coca, coffee, tea, lemons and all kinds of fruits, etc.

Overnight in the Cuzco.  

Day 05: Cuzco Out

Transfer from your hotel to the airport.   

 

What is included?

  • Private airport / bus terminal shuttle transfer In & Out
  • Transportation with AC and professional driver.
  • English speaking guide.
  • All entrances fee (tickets)
  • 04 nights accommodation in Cuzco with breakfast included.
  • 01 Buffet Lunch at Aguas Calientes
  • Round Trip Train Tickets to Machu Picchu
  • 24 hours assistance during the trip.

What is not included?

  • Other meals or expenses not specified above.

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